Conditional Purchasers

PeopledrivingwoolteamsinAustralia_id_4749656691_PDTHE SQUATTER saw his pastures wide

Decrease, as one by one

The farmers moving to the west

Selected on his run;

Selectors took the water up

And all the black soil round;

The best grass-land the squatter had

Was spoilt by Ross’s Ground.

Henry Lawson ‘The Fire at Ross’s Farm’

 

 

Introduction

This data has been sourced from the Votes and Proceedings of the Legislative Assembly of New South Wales. It contains the details of over 9,000 applications for the conditional purchase of Crown Land between 1st January 1862 and 30th September 1864.

A conditional purchase (CP) may have had a number of owners before the final payment was made and all conditions satisfied as the name on the parish map is that of the person who made the final payment and that may or may not be the person you are researching.

 So if you do not know the parish or district of your ancestor you must search all the Conditional Purchase records at Kingswood. These records are not in alphabetical order but in order of the Conditional Purchase number. I have entered this data into a  data base and sorted these records into alphabetical order of surname.

To use these records to find the name(s) you are researching and then to determine the Conditional Purchase (CP) number of the application you must subtract three years from the year that the balance payment is due. For example:-

Conditional Purchase

Cond Purchase No

Surname

First Name

Area a r p

District

Class

Amount Recd £ s d

Balance due £ s d

Date Balance Due

2093

Abberton James 48.0.0 Goulburn 1st Class 12.0.0 36.0.0

8/04/1865

So the CP number for James Abberton would be the year the balance payment is due minus three i.e. CP62-2093.

Using this number you can then check the register for conditional purchases before 1912, and note all the relevant information.

Background to Conditional Purchases.

In 1861 the management of Crown Land was changed with the introduction of Sir John Robertson ‘free selection before survey’ Acts. There were two Acts, the Crown Land Alienation Act 1861 for the sale of land and the Crown Lands Occupation Act 1861 for the leasing of Crown Land. The first mainly concerned the ‘free’ selection of land whilst the second chiefly concerned the squatters. Robertson’s Acts gave selectors the right to obtain a Crown Grant for a ‘living area’ of land without survey (conditional purchase) in any Crown Land, leased or unleased. These new laws made all leasehold land in the colony available for sale or lease. (The alienation of land in the colonies of NSW and Victoria was a convoluted process with changes to the land laws adding to the compexity. If you like to read more follow this link to my historical notes.

The Crown Lands Occupation Act replaced the previous classification of land and divided the country into First Class Settled District (formerly Settled Districts) Second Class Settled Districts (formerly Intermediate Districts) and Unsettled Districts- unchanged. Crown Land was classified as town land, suburban land, first class and second class settled and unsettled. Crown Land was not available for conditional purchase if it was town or suburban land, within a proclaimed gold field, under lease for mining purposes or reserved for the site of a town, village or for a water supply.

A ‘living’ area was from 40 to 320 acres with an obligation to live on the property for at least three years. The purchase price of £1 per acre ( PDV $83.46 ) was payable by a deposit of 25 percent and the balance with interest at 5 per cent. Payments could be made annually. However the balance with interest could be paid over an extended period and it was not unusual for 20 or 30 years before freehold title was obtained.

The selector also had a requirement to effect improvements at £1 per acre, reside on the land and occupy the land for three years. Title was then given provided that the conditions regarding improvements and residency were being fulfilled. These small farmers were known as ‘selectors’ and the land as ‘CP’ or ‘Conditional Purchase’ blocks.

In 1863 the Legislative Assembly of New South Wales directed

‘that there be laid upon the table of this House :- A Tabular Return shewing the names of all persons who have purchased Land conditionally under the Land Alienation Act of 1861, to the 31st October 1863: the quantity of Land in each purchase; the 1st or 2nd class Settled Districts, or the Unsettled Districts, wherein the Land is situated; the amount of money received on each lot; the balance remaining to be received; the date when the balance of the purchase money shall be payable…’

My date base CD No 20 has been compiled from this return.

The procedure was that each major rural centre had a Land office.  The land agent would record the name of the conditional  purchaser , the residence and nearest post town and the date and time of selection and record a detailed description of the property boundaries. The application would be forwarded to Sydney where it would be given a number: the first two digits would be the year received and the last four the applicant number for that year.

Land Districts as at 1861 (73 off)

Adelong, Albury, Armidale, Berrima, Bathurst, Binalong, Bombala, Braidwood, Brisbane Water, Broulee, Bungendore Creek, Burrowa, Campbelltown, Casino, Cassilis, Camden, Carcoar, Clarence Town, Cooma, Deniliquin, Dubbo,  Dungog, Eden, Forbes, Gosford, Grafton, Gundagai, Goulburn, Hartley, Jugiong, Kiama, Macdonald River, Macleay River, Maitland, Moama, Molong, Moruya, Mudgee, Manning River, Murrurundi, Muswellbrook, Newcastle, Orange, Parramatta, Paterson, Patrick’s Plains, Penrith, Port Macquarie, Port Stephens, Queanbeyan, Raymond Terrace, Rylstone, Sydney, Scone, Shoalhaven, Singleton, Sofala, St. Albans, Tambaroora, Tamworth, Tenterfield, Tumut, Wagga Wagga, Warialda, Walcha (and Bendemeer), Wee Waa, West Kempsey, Windsor, Wingham, Wellington, Wollombi, Wollongong, Yass,

Unfortunately for researchers from 1862 to 1864 the records are indexed according to the locality and not by name and in numerical order of the CP number.

So if you find that your ancestor was farmer but you can’t find any record of him on the parish map, the Torrens Title Index, Old System Index, Vendors Index or Old Title Purchaser Index. If this is the case it means that he was a conditional purchaser who had not yet meet all the conditions for purchase.

 I have digited these returns. There are over 9,000 entries.  The listing is of importance to researchers as it provides the conditional purchase number and district. An extract from the project is below:-

CondPurchase1863

ID

Cond. Purchase No

Surname

First Name

Area a r p

District

Class

Amount Recd £ s d

Balance due £ s d

Date Balance Due

2

2

Ewins William 136 0 0 Armidale 2nd Class & Unsettled 34. 0. 0. 102.0.0

6/01/1865

3

6

Moffatt William 101 0 0 Armidale 2nd Class & Unsettled 25.5.0. 75.15.0

6/01/1865

4

60

Martin Patrick 210.0.0 Camden 1st Class 52.10.0 157.10.0

6/01/1865

5

71

Bligh Richard 70.0.0 Grafton 1st, 2nd class & Unsettled 17.10.0. 52.10.0

6/01/1865

6

4480

Martin John 40.0.0 Eden 1st Class 10.0.0 30.0.0

11/12/1865

7

4401

Gardener Thomas 223.0.0 Berrima 1st Class 55.15.0 167.5.0

27/11/1865

8

4317

Bowd Edward 40.0.0 Orange 1st Class 10.0.0 30.0.0

13/11/1865

9

3802

McKenzie Robert S. 40.0.0 Cooma 2nd Class 10.0.0 30.0.0

18/09/1865

10

1861

McKeon James 40.0.0 Bathurst 1st Class 10.0.0 30.0.0

25/03/1865

11

1544

Cullen John 40.0.0 Carcoar 1st Class 10.0.0 30.0.0

4/03/1856

12

1208

Getting John 40.0.0 Dungog 1st Class 10.0.0 30.0.0

11/02/1856

If you are interested in obtaining a copy of this CD follow this link.


Bibliography

Background to Conditional purchase of Crown Land.    State records of NSW Archives in Brief 93

Using Conditional purchase records.  State Records NSW Archives in Brief 94 ( a must see)

Baker, D.W.A. The Origins of Robertson’s Land Acts.  Historical Studies Australia & New Zealand. Vol 8, Nov 1957 – May 1959 . p.166 ff

Walker, R. B. Squatter and Selector in New England, 1862 – 95. Historical  Studies Australia & New Zealand. Vol 8, Nov 1957 – May 1959 .  p.66 ff

Simpson, Archibald. Handbook of the Crown Lands Alienation Acts of NSW. 1882

Ferry, John. New South Wales Land Records and Family History.  In First International Congress of Family History. 1988. Sydney.

King C.J. An Outline of Closer Settlement in NSW. Part 1.  The Sequence of Land Laws. 1788 – 1956. Dept. Of  Agriculture. 1957 Sydney.

See Also

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